Later that same year, his uncle was deposed by the general Valentinus, one of Heraclius’ most trusted generals, and Constans II was left as sole emperor. A few months later, Valentinos was removed and killed by a lynch mob who favoured a properly royal ruler, the son of Constantine III, Flavius Heraclius, better known by his nickname Constans. Taking advantage of the fact that Lombard king Grimoald I of Benevento was engaged against Frankish forces from Neustria, Constans disembarked at Taranto and besieged Lucera and Benevento. Constans was the son of Constantine III and Gregoria. A brief usurpation in Sicily by Mezezius was quickly suppressed by the new emperor. Eda Machine Learning Python, Constans grew increasingly fearful that his younger brother, Theodosius, could oust him from the throne; he therefore obliged Theodosius to take holy orders and later had him killed in 660. Constans II (Greek: Κώνστας Β', Kōnstas II Latin: Heraclius Constantinus or Flavius Constantinus Augustus); 7 November 630 – 15 September 668), also called Constantine the Bearded (Kōnstantinos Pogonatos), was Byzantine Emperor from 641 to 668. Don't Cross The Bridge Until You Come To It Examples, Constans II (Greek: Κώνστας Β', Kōnstas II), also called "Constantine the Bearded" (Kōnstantinos Pogonatos), was the Roman (Byzantine) emperor from 641 to 668. Ottawa Senators Former Players, Viking Therapeutics Earnings,  In the same year, they raided Africa and killed Gregory.  Constans is a diminutive nickname given to the Emperor, who had been baptized Herakleios and reigned officially as Constantine. He twice (339, 356) exiled the influential orthodox bishop of Alexandria, but the religious unity he sought was short-lived. Warriors Playoffs 2018, Pope Martin I had condemned both Monothelitism and Constans' attempt to halt debates over it in the Lateran Council of 649. Melba Animal Crossing Gifts, Then, in the winter of 662-663, he made his camp at Athens.From there, in 663, he continued to Italy.
The situation was complicated by the violent opposition to Monothelitism by the clergy in the west and the related rebellion of the Exarch of Carthage, Gregory the Patrician. The third son of Constantine I the Great and Fausta, Constantius served under his father as caesar from Nov. 8,
Now the Emperor ordered his Exarch of Ravenna to arrest the Pope. The Grinning Man Synopsis, Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Heraclius had ruled as emperor since 610 CE, and his reign was a mixed one. At Naissus (modern Niš, Serbia), Constantius persuaded Vetranio to abdicate, and on Sept. 22, 351, he crushed Magnentius at Mursa (modern Osijek, Croatia).
 Caliph Uthman was preparing to attack Constantinople, but he did not carry out the plan, as the first Fitna broke out in 656. Coles Express Jobs Seek,
Constans ordered Saburrus, the commander of his army, to attack the Lombards again, but he was defeated by the Beneventani at Forino, between Avellino and Salerno. He served as Caesar from 324 until his father 's death in 337 at which time he shared the title of Augustus with two other brothers, Constantine II and Constans. In 663 Constans visited Rome for twelve days—the only emperor to set foot in Rome for two centuries—and was received with great honor by Pope Vitalian (657–672).
Although on friendly terms with Vitalian, he stripped buildings, including the Pantheon, of their ornaments and bronze to be carried back to Constantinople, and in 666 declared the Pope of Rome to have no jurisdiction over the Archbishop of Ravenna, since that city was the seat of the exarch, his immediate representative. However, his name was called Constantine.
Warren Treadgold, Byzantium and Its Army 284-1081 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995). License. In 649 CE Cyprus was attacked, one of the empire's major naval bases, and though the island remained a shared property thereafter, the Arabs managed to sack the capital Constantia and destroy the harbour installations. In 659 he campaigned far to the east, taking advantage of a rebellion against the Caliphate in Media. The nickname established itself in Byzantine texts and has become standard in modern historiography. Naturally, this live-and-let-live compromise satisfied few passionate participants in the dispute. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide.
 Before the battle, chronicler Theophanes the Confessor says, the Emperor dreamed of being at Thessalonika; this dream predicted his defeat against the Arabs because the word Thessalonika is similar to the sentence "thes allo niken", which means "gave victory to another (the enemy)". According to Warren Treadgold, the first themes were created between 659 and 661, during the reign of Constans II.. >Constantius the East, and Constans, the youngest brother, received the central prefecture (Italy, Africa, and Illyricum).
In 658, with the eastern frontier under less pressure, Constans defeated the Slavs in the Balkans, temporarily reasserting some notion of Byzantine rule over them and resettled some of them in Anatolia (ca. Constans was the son of Constantine III and Gregoria.
His subsequent moves in Calabria and Sardinia were marked by further strippings and request of tributes that enraged his Italian subjects. – 1643 C.E. Constans owed his rise to the throne to a popular reaction against his uncle and to the protection of the soldiers led by the general Valentinus. How To End Tiktok, As sole ruler after 353, Constantius tried to create religious unity in the empire under Arian Christianity. pp. Moncton Wildcats Roster,
Later that same year, his uncle was deposed by the general Valentinus, one of Heraclius’ most trusted generals, and Constans II was left as sole emperor.  The situation was complicated by the violent opposition to Monothelitism by the clergy in the west and the related rebellion of the Exarch of Carthage, Gregory the Patrician.  Constans is a nickname given to the Emperor, who had been baptized Herakleios and reigned officially as Constantine.
Victory at Nineveh put the empire back on its feet, but the new threat was the Arab Caliphate which showed its intent by crushing a Byzantine army at Yarmuk in 636 CE.  The same books also described Constantinople in some detail as having massive granite walls and a water clock mounted with a golden statue of man. Later that same year, his uncle was deposed by the general Valentinus, one of Heraclius’ most trusted generals, and Constans II was left as sole emperor.
Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Constans’s internal policy was marked by an attempt to force unity on the church, after theological disputes had divided the empire; in 648 he issued an edict, the Detested as a fratricide by his subjects in Constantinople, Constans in 663 left the capital and traveled westward, passing through northern 23-25;72-3. In Julian’s Letter to the Athenians (361) he openly accuses Constantius of murdering his father. How Will Music Evolve In Future, 649 or 667). Now the Emperor ordered his Exarch of Ravenna to arrest the Pope. The sea battle was so devastating that the emperor escaped only by trading clothes with one of his men.  The Byzantine historian Theophylact Simocatta, writing during the reign of Heraclius (r. 610–641), relayed information about China's geography, its capital city Khubdan (Old Turkic: Khumdan, i.e. In 340 Constantine II tried to take this away from Constans but was killed. Constans was the son of Constantine III and Gregoria. When Heraclius died in 641 CE, he had two heirs who ruled as co-emperors: Heraklonas (whose mother was Martina) and Constantine III (whose mother was Heraclius’ first wife Eudokia). Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. In 654, however, Muawiyah renewed his raids by sea, plundering Rhodes. Victory at Nineveh put the empire back on its feet, but the new threat was the Arab Caliphate which showed its intent by crushing a Byzantine army at Yarmuk in 636 CE. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. SH56768. Cornwall Mining Records, Constans II (641–668) Pressures from beyond the empire’s border consumed the reign of Constans, grandson of Herakleios by his son Herakleios Constantine. He launched an assault against the Lombard Duchy of Benevento, which then encompassed most of Southern Italy. Pope Martin I had condemned both Monothelitism and Constans' attempt to halt debates over it (the Type of Constans) in the Lateran Council of 649. 23-25;72-3. constans ii and the themes August 3, 2020 August 3, 2020 / too weird to live, too rare to die meaning Victory at Nineveh put the empire back on its feet, but the new threat was the Arab Caliphate which showed its intent by crushing a Byzantine army at Yarmuk in 636 CE.
Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Emperors, Conquerors, and Men of War: Fact or Fiction? JSTOR: The Last Consul: Basilius and His Diptych, JSTOR: The Iranian Factor in Byzantium during the Reign of Heraclius, A history of the later Roman empire from Arcadius to Irene, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Constans_II&oldid=171313, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Heraclius Constantinus or Flavius Constantinus. In 659 he campaigned far to the east, taking advantage of a rebellion against the Caliphate in Media. However, having attracted the hatred of the citizens of Constantinople, Constans decided to leave the capital and to move to Syracuse in Sicily. In 648 CE Constans passed an imperial edict, the Typos, which was designed to pacify the opponents of Monotheletism (that Christ had a single will) in the Church and close the endless and harmful debate that had been raging for half a century. Rumours that he was going to move the capital of the Empire to Syracuse were probably fatal for Constans.